Reading Comprehension Strategy & Practice Set-1 for SSC/Bank/Other Exams

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Reading Comprehension is a test of an examiner’s reading skill and his/her understanding for the matter under stud. For efficient and effective result in reading comprehension in exam, a candidate is required to keep few things in mins:

  1. Always start reading the questions first from passage instead of reading the whole passage again and again. This saves your appreciable time. The reading of questions give you enough idea about the passage that you can’t obtain through reading the passage
  2. Try to give the answers of questions roughly and logically because there are certain questions which don’t require to answer after reading the passage. Logically assume the answer of each question roughly.
  3. ?Finally, go to the particular part of the passage matching the portion of the asked question to verify the answers assumed by you beforehand. By doing so, you will find that you are correct at most of the instances. For the rest of the part, you can apply your logic to get the suitable answer.

Note that: It is not always possible to obtain the answer as it is from the passage. Rather, many times, the answers come out from the passage suiting it context and tone.

PRACTICE SET

Directions (Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.

The Tamil Nadu government?s move to approach the Supreme Court seeking a review of its recent judgment barring the use of pictures of political leaders in government advertisements is retrograde and unnecessary. The court?s verdict restricting the list of dignitaries whose photographs are permissible on government advertisement material to the President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice of India, is a significant step in eliminating the partisan use of government resources to gain political mileage. Indeed, if there is a flaw in the judgment, it is in the exception made in favour of the holders of these three offices. Even though it says the President, Prime Minister or CJI could themselves decide on the inclusion of their pictures in advertisements, there really is no need for anyone?s image in such material if disseminating information is the sole purpose. The Tamil Nadu government has argued that there should be parity between the Centre and the States, and that the judgment, by privileging the dignitaries at the Centre, violates the principle of federalism. It is indeed an attractive argument if one contends that the same privilege should be extended to the Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Justice of the High Court so that there is Centre-State parity. However, the spirit of the verdict is to take government advertising out of the domain of partisan politics. In course of time, the apparent disparity should also give way to a universal prohibition of the use of pictures of any dignitary.

It is disappointing that the court did not accept a key recommendation made by a three-member committee that there should be special curbs on government advertisements during election time. This could have been an important guideline that would further purify the election process. The court may be confident that if the government adhered to norms there will be no need to adopt special, election-eve restrictions, but it should have taken note of the propensity of the political class to seek to gain mileage by delivering politically loaded messages using the official machinery during election time. In a democracy, the main reason for a government to issue advertisements is dissemination of essential and useful information about its functioning, its schemes and projects and their benefits. There is no real need to confer on any individual the privilege of being projected in official publicity material to give the impression that a scheme or measure owes its existence to the generosity of that individual. One can discern in the Tamil Nadu government?s review petition only an eagerness to overcome any legal impediment to its known penchant for projecting the ruling party leader as the sole benefactor behind its welfare programmes.

Q.1.Choose an appropriate title for the passage.

1) The Strict Judgement

2) SC Rule

3) Restless Politicians

4) The Un-Political War

5) Misplaced Plea

Q.2.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

  1. A) The Court?s decision is not only for the centre, but also for the states.
  2. B) The spirit of the verdict is not to take government advertising out of the domain of partisan politics.
  3. C) The court may be confident that if the government adhered to norms there will be no need to adopt special, election-eve restrictions.

1) Only A

2) Only B

3) Only C

4) All A, B and C

5) None

Q.3.What is the reason behind author suggesting that the head of the state should also be given the privilege?

1) This barring list is the exclusive list where the High profile people are Definitely included.

2) The political class is so corrupt that the head of the states should also be included in the list.

3) The Head of the states are the people representing the whole state and the supreme court should take care of them.

4) The head of the state should also be given the same privilege as centre is to maintain the parity between them.

5) None of the above.

Q.4.Which of the following is not true according to the passage?

  1. A) The court did not accept a key recommendation made by a three-member committee that there should be special curbs on government advertisements during election time.
  2. B) There is no real need to confer on any individual the privilege of being projected in official publicity material to give the impression that a scheme or measure owes its existence to the generosity of that individual
  3. C) If there is a flaw in the judgment, it is in the exception made in favour of the holders of these three offices.

1) Only A

2) Only B

3) Only C

4) All A, B and C

5) None

Q.5.Which of the following is a significant step in eliminating the image of the govt. to gain political mileage?

1) The court?s verdict restricting the list of dignitaries whose photographs are permissible on government advertisement.

2) The Govt. advertisement should be banned coz people should know all about it through the benefits, not through advertisement.

3) The govt should ban the usage of advertisement and start doing something with that fund.

4) All of the above

5) None of the above
Q.6.Which of the following is not the synonym of the word ?retrograde??
1) Subside
2) Positive
3) Moderate
4) Suspend
5) Anarchy

Q.7.Which of the following is not the synonym of the word ?partisan??
1) Comparable
2) Improve
3) Antipathy
4) Unbiased
5) Dislike

Q.8.Which of the following is the synonym of the word ?disseminating??
1) Improve
2) Inform
3) Promulgate
4) Approval
5) Guile

Q.9.Which of the following is the synonym of the word ?penchant??
1) Approbation
2) Apprise
3) Diligent
4) Hard
5) Proclivity

Q.10.Which of the following is the synonym of the word ?parity??
1) Ease
2) Equality
3) Pompous
4) Insensitive
5) Boorish

SOLUTIONS

  1. (5)
  2. (3)
  3. (4)
  4. (5)
  5. (1)
  6. (2)
  7. (4)
  8. (3)
  9. (5)
  1. (2)

Note: The extract of above passage is taken from?The Hindu, Delhi Edition, 25th May

English Tips & tricks on Articles for Banking , SSC, and General Competition Exams

Definition

The adjectives a, an and the are called Articles.

Types of Articles

Articles are basically categorized into two broad categories

A.?Indefinite article?A/An
B.?Definite article?The

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Use of Indefinite Article?A/An

a. An is usually used before a word beginning with a?vowel sound
For example
(i) Radha is an intelligent girl.
(ii) He is an MP. ? ? (sound of ?em?p where e is a vowel)
(iii) You are an honest man. ? ?(sound of ?own?est where o is a vowel)

b. ?A is used before a word beginning with a?consonant sound
For example
(i) He is a university student. ?(sound of ?you?niversal where y is a consonant)
(ii) He is a European. ? ?(sound of ?you?ropean where y is a consonant)
(iii) He is a one-eyed man.

Article1

c. A/An is used before a singular countable noun only when it?is mentioned for the first time representing no
particular person or thing.
For example
(i) He has an oxen.
(ii) She is a landlord.
(iii) A boy came to my home.
d. A/An is used before a singular countable noun which is?used as the representative of a class of things or persons.
For example
(i) A lion is a dangerous animal.
(ii) A pupil should obey his teacher.
(iii) A dog is a faithful animal.

e. A/An is used to make a common noun of a proper noun.
For example
(i) My neighbour is a philanthropist.
(ii) She is a Sania Mirza.
(iii) His brother is a PM.

f. A/An is used in exclamations before singular countable?nouns.
For example
(i) What an interesting video
(ii) What a pretty girl
(iii) What a lovely morning

countable-and-uncountable-nouns-personal-care-products-basic-iii-1-2-638

g. A/An is used in its original sense of one or any.
For example
(i) He wants a car.
(ii) There are not fourteen inches in a foot.
(iii) He bought a pen.

Use of Definite Article?The

a. when we talk about a particular person or thing or one?already mentioned.
For example
(i) Give me the pen which you bought last Saturday.
(ii) The book you want is out of stock.
(iii) I met a boy. The boy was handsome.

b. when a singular noun represents a whole class.
For example
(i) The rose is a beautiful flower.
(ii) The dog loves comfort.
(iii) The Neem is a useful tree.

Article3
c. Before the first noun in ?noun + preposition + noun??construction.
For example
(i) The Rama?of Ramayana is an ideal king.
(ii) The diamond of South Africa is famous.
(iii) He likes the food of Jaipur.

d. Before names of mountain-ranges.
For example
The Himalayas, The Alps, The Aravallis

e. Before names of groups of islands.
For example
The West Indies,?The Andamans

f. Before names of rivers, oceans, gulfs, deserts and forests.
For example
The Ganges, ?The Nile,?The Amazon, ?The Indian Ocean,?The Gulf of Mexico, The Thar deseert, The
Black Forest

g. Before names of religious and mythological books.
For example
The Ramayana, The Quran, The Bible

h. Before names of newspapers and magazines.
For example
The Times of India, The?Outlook

i. Before names of heavenly bodies, directions and things?unique of their kind
For example
The sun, The earth,?The moon, The?equator

Note that ?The? is not used before the words ?Parliament, Heaven, God, Hell ?.

j. before names of historical buildings, places and events.
For example
The Red Fort, The Taj Mahal, ?The Siachen, The Dandi March

k. Before musical instruments.
For example
(i) He can play the flute.
(ii) She is fond of playing the guitar.

Note that?When musical instruments are used as countable?nouns, A/An is used.
For example
(i) We bought a sitar for her.
(ii) I gifted him a violin.

l. Before religious communities and political parties.
For example
The Hindus, The Sikhs, The Bhartiya Janta Party

m. Before names of ships, aeroplanes and trains.
For example
The INS Vikrant, The?Qatar Airlines,?The Rajdhani?Express

n. Before the words denoting physical positions or
For example
The centre, The top,?The front, The back
Further,??before parts of body
For example
(ii) He pulled the dog by the tail.
(ii)?Sohan?was hit on the head.

o. Before names of government departments and armed?forces.
For example
The Legislative, The Judiciary, The Executive, The Air Force, The Army

p. Before the dates of months.
For example
The 21st of December, The 5th June

Note that before the ordinals, we also use the articles
For example
The first, The third, The ninth

q. before the superlative degree.
For example
(i) He is?the best guy for this job.
(ii) She is the sweetest?girl in the class.

r. Before the names of a few countries that form federations and provinces.
For example
The USA, ?The Netherlands, The USSR, The Republic of China, ?The?Punjab
t. Before comparative degree in case of making a choice between the two.
For example
(i) He?is the tougher of the two guys.
(ii) She?is the prettier of the two.

Zero?Articles

Sometimes there is no need for using any kind of article. Such articles are known as zero articles.?This term used here is not universal but it is aptly used to denote the reference of omission of articles.

The articles a, an, the are omitted
a. Before names of days and months.
For example
(i) She will go on Monday.
(ii) They are getting married in January.

b. Before names of languages.
For example
(i) He cannot speak French.
(ii) She is learning Marathi.

c. Before names of subjects.
For example
(i) She has no interest in mathematics.
(ii) Biology is his favourite subject.

d. Before names of diseases.
For example
(i) AIDS is spreading like wild fire.
(ii) He died of cancer.

Note that??The? is used before the names of a few diseases.
For example
the plague, the measles,the mumps,

e. Before names of festivals and seasons.
For example
(i) He will go to USA?in winter.
(ii) She celebrated Diwali?with her friends.
But note that
(i) He will go to Canada in the winter season.
(ii) She went to Delhi in the Diwali holidays.

f. Before names of sports.
For example
(i) She plays tennis.
(ii) We like cricket.

g. Before names of meals.
For example
(i) They take lunch at 2 pm.
(ii) Breakfast is ready.

h. Before school, college, church, prison, hospital, bed,?market, when these places are visited or used for their
primary purpose.
For example
(i) She goes to temple?on Sunday.
(ii) The criminal was sent to prison.

i. before man, life, death, art, science, when these words?are used in the widest sense.
For example
(i) Science has developed much in the past fifty years.
(ii) Man is mortal.

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