Reading Comprehension is a test of an examiner’s reading skill and his/her understanding for the matter under stud. For efficient and effective result in reading comprehension in exam, a candidate is required to keep few things in mins:
- Always start reading the questions first from passage instead of reading the whole passage again and again. This saves your appreciable time. The reading of questions give you enough idea about the passage that you can’t obtain through reading the passage
- Try to give the answers of questions roughly and logically because there are certain questions which don’t require to answer after reading the passage. Logically assume the answer of each question roughly.
- ?Finally, go to the particular part of the passage matching the portion of the asked question to verify the answers assumed by you beforehand. By doing so, you will find that you are correct at most of the instances. For the rest of the part, you can apply your logic to get the suitable answer.
Note that: It is not always possible to obtain the answer as it is from the passage. Rather, many times, the answers come out from the passage suiting it context and tone.
Directions (Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
The Tamil Nadu government?s move to approach the Supreme Court seeking a review of its recent judgment barring the use of pictures of political leaders in government advertisements is retrograde and unnecessary. The court?s verdict restricting the list of dignitaries whose photographs are permissible on government advertisement material to the President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice of India, is a significant step in eliminating the partisan use of government resources to gain political mileage. Indeed, if there is a flaw in the judgment, it is in the exception made in favour of the holders of these three offices. Even though it says the President, Prime Minister or CJI could themselves decide on the inclusion of their pictures in advertisements, there really is no need for anyone?s image in such material if disseminating information is the sole purpose. The Tamil Nadu government has argued that there should be parity between the Centre and the States, and that the judgment, by privileging the dignitaries at the Centre, violates the principle of federalism. It is indeed an attractive argument if one contends that the same privilege should be extended to the Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Justice of the High Court so that there is Centre-State parity. However, the spirit of the verdict is to take government advertising out of the domain of partisan politics. In course of time, the apparent disparity should also give way to a universal prohibition of the use of pictures of any dignitary.
It is disappointing that the court did not accept a key recommendation made by a three-member committee that there should be special curbs on government advertisements during election time. This could have been an important guideline that would further purify the election process. The court may be confident that if the government adhered to norms there will be no need to adopt special, election-eve restrictions, but it should have taken note of the propensity of the political class to seek to gain mileage by delivering politically loaded messages using the official machinery during election time. In a democracy, the main reason for a government to issue advertisements is dissemination of essential and useful information about its functioning, its schemes and projects and their benefits. There is no real need to confer on any individual the privilege of being projected in official publicity material to give the impression that a scheme or measure owes its existence to the generosity of that individual. One can discern in the Tamil Nadu government?s review petition only an eagerness to overcome any legal impediment to its known penchant for projecting the ruling party leader as the sole benefactor behind its welfare programmes.
Q.1.Choose an appropriate title for the passage.
1) The Strict Judgement
2) SC Rule
3) Restless Politicians
4) The Un-Political War
5) Misplaced Plea
Q.2.Which of the following is true according to the passage?
- A) The Court?s decision is not only for the centre, but also for the states.
- B) The spirit of the verdict is not to take government advertising out of the domain of partisan politics.
- C) The court may be confident that if the government adhered to norms there will be no need to adopt special, election-eve restrictions.
1) Only A
2) Only B
3) Only C
4) All A, B and C
Q.3.What is the reason behind author suggesting that the head of the state should also be given the privilege?
1) This barring list is the exclusive list where the High profile people are Definitely included.
2) The political class is so corrupt that the head of the states should also be included in the list.
3) The Head of the states are the people representing the whole state and the supreme court should take care of them.
4) The head of the state should also be given the same privilege as centre is to maintain the parity between them.
5) None of the above.
Q.4.Which of the following is not true according to the passage?
- A) The court did not accept a key recommendation made by a three-member committee that there should be special curbs on government advertisements during election time.
- B) There is no real need to confer on any individual the privilege of being projected in official publicity material to give the impression that a scheme or measure owes its existence to the generosity of that individual
- C) If there is a flaw in the judgment, it is in the exception made in favour of the holders of these three offices.
1) Only A
2) Only B
3) Only C
4) All A, B and C
Q.5.Which of the following is a significant step in eliminating the image of the govt. to gain political mileage?
1) The court?s verdict restricting the list of dignitaries whose photographs are permissible on government advertisement.
2) The Govt. advertisement should be banned coz people should know all about it through the benefits, not through advertisement.
3) The govt should ban the usage of advertisement and start doing something with that fund.
4) All of the above
5) None of the above
Q.6.Which of the following is not the synonym of the word ?retrograde??
Q.7.Which of the following is not the synonym of the word ?partisan??
Q.8.Which of the following is the synonym of the word ?disseminating??
Q.9.Which of the following is the synonym of the word ?penchant??
Q.10.Which of the following is the synonym of the word ?parity??
Note: The extract of above passage is taken from?The Hindu, Delhi Edition, 25th May