Important Educational Institutional Bodies in India
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Higher Education in India is one of the largest and oldest systems of higher education in the world
Universities in India
The University system has a number of different types of institutions and there are wide variations in their missions, goals and objectives.
A. Central University
While other universities in the country are established by the State Governments, a central University in India is formed by the Government of India, by an Act Of Parliament
University of Allahabad?is the?Oldest
among all central Universities in India
i. The Government of India is responsible for arranging, allocating and distributing financial resources required by the University Grants Commission (UGC) for the establishment of Central Universities in India
ii. Currently, there are 46 universities in India by April 2015
iii. Delhi & Uttar Pradesh has highest number of central universities with 5 each.
The State Governments establish and plan for the colleges and universities in the states.
i. Currently, there are 332 state universities in India by April 2015
ii. Uttar Pradesh has highest number of state universities with 25, followed by Gujarat with 24, Karnataka with 23, Tamil Nadu with 22, West Bengal & Rajasthan with 21 each, and Andhra Pradesh & Maharashtra with 20 state universities each.
UGC is entrusted with another responsibility of giving ?Deemed? status to any educational institution by which:
i. UGC can grant fund to them;
ii. UGC can make such institution enable to design their own syllabus and course work;
iii. Such institutions also get the authority to set its own guidelines regarding admission and fees.
iv. ?Currently, there are 128?deemed universities in India by April 2015 with Tamil Nadu has maximum number of deemed university in country with 28, followed by Maharashtra with 21 and Karnataka with 14
D. Private University
In the past few years, the private universities have mushroomed with total 216 Private Universities in country. Rajasthan has the maximum private universities with 40, followed by Uttar Pradesh with 23 and Gujarat with 20
Formal & Distance Education?in India
? Indra Gandhi National Open University was established in 1985
? Purpose :- To democratize higher education & to provide cost-effective, quality education to large sections of Indian population
? Is a world leader in distance education
? Serves the educational aspirations of over 2.6 million students in India and 36 other countries through the 21 School of Studies and a network of 61 regional centers, around 3000 learner support centers and around 60 overseas centers.
i. Offers various academic programmes that lead to Certificates, Diplomas, and Degrees
ii. In it?s capacity as an Apex Body,?it co-ordinates and monitors distance education system throughout the country
Professional/Technical?& General Education?in India
? The University Grants Commission has the unique distinction of being the only grant-giving agency in the country
? Responsibilities of UGC
i. Providing funds;
ii. Co-ordination, determination and maintenance of standards in institutions of higher education
? The National Council of Educational Research and Training was established in September 1961 in New Delhi as an autonomous body.
i. Qualitative improvement in the education
ii. Provide qualitative text books
iii. Improvement in the quality of teachers education
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